## Designing MOSFET Switch – Comprehensive

MOSFET is not well discussed in the undergrads; much more how to designing MOSFET switch. MOSFET stands for metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor. Actually it is easier than BJT if we are talking a switch circuit. Nowadays MOSFET is very popular in circuit designs. Such in automotive, power supply and general electronics as a low side and high side

## How to Analyze Optocoupler in Feedback System

One of the usual applications of optocoupler is to provide isolation between two ground reference. That is why it is often seen in power supply feedback circuit. How to analyze optocoupler in feedback system is to discussed in this article. Keep on reading below. How to analyze optocoupler in feedback system is not as difficult as you think. However, the lack

## LTSpice Circuit Simulation Tutorials for Beginners

“What is the best free circuit simulation software?” The answer is here. As a solid user of this circuit simulation software, I introduce this to you; LTSpice. “How to Use LTSpice?” “How to Start Simulation in LTSpice?” So many questions in mind, we will answer all these. In this article I will teach LTspice circuit simulation tutorials for beginners. Advanced

## Operation of a Switch Mode Power Supply

How a Switch Mode Power Supply Works? What is the operation of a switch mode power supply? A switch mode power supply works by continuously switching on and off a semiconductor switch. This semiconductor switch is can be a MOSFET or a BJT. The former is more popular than the latter. When the switch turns off, there is no current

## How to Drive a Transistor into Hard Saturation

How to drive a transistor into hard saturation? In using a transistor to operate as a switch you must drive it into saturation. Saturation happens when the collector current cannot further increase despite there is base current increase. The saturation level of every transistor varies. The usual range is from 0.7V to ideally zero. For instance for a BC817-25 transistor,