Flyback Diode Voltage and Current Analysis

Flyback Converter diode is acting like a switch linking the transformer secondary and the load. When the primary switch is ON, the primary will store energy. This time the diode will be reversed biased. Meaning, the load side will be cut off from the transformer. On the other hand, when the primary switch is off, the stored energy will be


Transformer Design and Selection QR Flyback

Several factors to consider in order to perfectly arrived a good Quasi Resonant Flyback transformer design. It needs to consider the input voltage and the allowed level of the switch drain to source (or collector to emitter) voltage of the switch to define the level of the reflected voltage (Vref). It is also required to know the level of the


How to Derive QR Flyback Secondary Current

The key to deriving the current levels of every switching converter knows the type of waveforms. For flyback converter, the primary and secondary current waveforms are in triangular shape. Another important aspect is to know the operation of a QR flyback. The complete operation of a QR flyback is here. The current wave shape is could be summarized as: The


Quasi Resonant Flyback Primary Current Derivation

In order to derive the primary current of a Quasi resonant flyback, it is important to know the waveform of the current. Quasi resonant flyback primary current is rectangular in shape. It will rise linearly when the flyback switch is ON while drop immediately to zero once the switch is turned OFF. Below figure do more the explanations. Quasi Resonant

Transformer saturation waveform

Quasi Resonant Flyback Transformer Saturation Analysis

One of the very important aspect to look at in dealing with quasi resonant flyback transformer is the saturation. A quasi-resonant flyback transformer is not actually a transformer that we usually know. A transformer will transfer energy from the primary to the secondary at real time. However, the flyback converter will store energy on the primary and then transfer that energy to the secondary somehow. This action makes a flyback transformer prone to saturation if not properly been designed.

Quasi Resonant Flyback Operation Mode

Quasi Resonant Flyback Operating Modes

Each of the quasi resonant flyback operating modes discussed above has its strength and weaknesses. It is up to the designer to which mode to select. In my personal experience, I already used both the DCM and TM operating modes. Basically, a quasi resonant flyback will operate in DCM at light load and approaches to TM at very heavy load. During the design stage, the designer will set the operating point in first valley switching for heavier loads for optimum performance.

Quasi Resonant Flyback Waveform

How Quasi Resonant Flyback Works – Detailed Operation

A quasi resonant flyback converter is a variant of flyback converter wherein it makes use of the parasitic elements to partially resemble a resonance action. According to dictionary, the word quasi could mean partly, partially, comparatively or relatively. So, a quasi-resonance means a partial resonance, not a total resonance. At light load, Quasi resonant flyback operation will be in DCM. However, it will come closer to the boundary or transition mode while in full load.