NPN Transistor applications and uses

NPN Transistor Principles and Practical Uses

Basic NPN Transistor Principles Universities are covering this topic very well but despite I still attempt to discuss NPN transistor principles that I think easier to understand for non technical people. NPN transistor is the name given to a bipolar junction transistor with two N type materials or negative carriers while there is only one P type material or positive

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Capacitor as ESD Protection

Electrostatic discharge or simply ESD is a universal problem in electronic circuits. Capacitor as ESD protection is providing economical solution to the problem. I used to work in automotive electronics and we used high frequency capacitors to protect the exposed pins of our product. Exposed pins are the one accessible to users. There are several ways to protect devices from

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Transistor Operation Mode Determination

Transistor operation mode is can easily be determined by using mathematical equations. Don’t worry; these are not difficult equations. There are three operation modes to operate the transistor. These are cut-off, saturation and linear. In cut-off, the transistor is simply not conducting; so it is not a problem to send the transistor in this region. You can simply do that

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Optocoupler Device CTR and Circuit CTR Explained

When you already heard about Optocoupler devices, you may be heard also about CTR. CTR stands for current transfer ratio. In bipolar junction transistor this is the so called current gain or simply beta. It is the ratio of the collector to forward current of an Optocoupler. In circuit design involving optocoupler, you may be dealing with the device CTR

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